Canto X

English Edition, translated by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

1   Now onward goes, along a narrow path
2   Between the torments and the city wall,
3   My Master, and I follow at his back.
 
4   O power supreme, that through these impious circles
5   Turnest me,I began, as pleases thee,
6   Speak to me, and my longings satisfy;
 
7   The people who are Iying in these tombs,
8   Might they be seen? already are uplifted
9   The covers all, and no one keepeth guard.
 
10   And he to me: They all will be closed up
11   When from Jehoshaphat they shall return
12   Here with the bodies they have left above.
 
13   Their cemetery have upon this side
14   With Epicurus all his followers,
15   Who with the body mortal make the soul;
 
16   But in the question thou dost put to me,
17   Within here shalt thou soon be satisfied,
18   And likewise in the wish thou keepest silent.
 
19   And I: Good Leader,I but keep concealed
20   From thee my heart, that I may speak the less,
21   Nor only now hast thou thereto disposed me.
 
22   O Tuscan, thou who through the city of fire
23   Goest alive, thus speaking modestly,
24   Be pleased to stay thy footsteps in this place.
 
25   Thy mode of speaking makes thee manifest
26   A native of that noble fatherland,
27   To which perhaps I too molestful was.
 
28   Upon a sudden issued forth this sound
29   From out one of the tombs; wherefore I pressed,
30   Fearing, a little nearer to my Leader.
 
31   And unto me he said: Turn thee; what dost thou?
32   Behold there Farinata who has risen;
33   From the waist upwards wholly shalt thou see him.
 
34   I had already fixed mine eyes on his,
35   And he uprose erect with breast and front
36   E’en as if Hell he had in great despite.
 
37   And with courageous hands and prompt my Leader
38   Thrust me between the sepulchres towards him,
39   Exclaiming, Let thy words explicit be.
 
40   As soon as I was at the foot of his tomb
41   Somewhat he eyed me, and, as if disdainful,
42   Then asked of me, Who were thine ancestors?
 
43   I, who desirous of obeying was,
44   Concealed it not, but all revealed to him;
45   Whereat he raised his brows a little upward.
 
46   Then said he: Fiercely adverse have they been
47   To me, and to my fathers, and my party;
48   So that two several times I scattered them.
 
49   If they were banished, they returned on all sides,
50   I answered him, the first time and the second;
51   But yours have not acquired that art aright.
 
52   Then there uprose upon the sight, uncovered
53   Down to the chin, a shadow at his side;
54   I think that he had risen on his knees.
 
55   Round me he gazed, as if solicitude
56   He had to see if some one else were with me,
57   But after his suspicion was all spent,
 
58   Weeping, he said to me: If through this blind
59   Prison thou goest by loftiness of genius,
60   Where is my son? and why is he not with thee?
 
61   And I to him: I come not of myself;
62   He who is waiting yonder leads me here,
63   Whom in disdain perhaps your Guido had.
 
64   His language and the mode of punishment
65   Already unto me had read his name;
66   On that account my answer was so full.
 
67   Up starting suddenly, he cried out: How
68   Saidst thou,–he had ? Is he not still alive?
69   Does not the sweet light strike upon his eyes ?
 
70   When he became aware of some delay,
71   Which I before my answer made, supine
72   He fell again, and forth appeared no more.
 
73   But the other, magnanimous, at whose desire
74   I had remained, did not his aspect change,
75   Neither his neck he moved, nor bent his side.
 
76   And if,continuing his first discourse,
77   They have that art,he said, not learned aright,
78   That more tormenteth me, than doth this bed.
 
79   But fifty times shall not rekindled be
80   The countenance of the Lady who reigns here
81   Ere thou shalt know how heavy is that art;
 
82   And as thou wouldst to the sweet world return,
83   Say why that people is so pitiless
84   Against my race in each one of its laws?
 
85   Whence I to him: The slaughter and great carnage
86   Which have with crimson stained the Arbia, cause
87   Such orisons in our temple to be made.
 
88   After his head he with a sigh had shaken,
89   There 1 was not alone, he said,nor surely
90   Without a cause had with the others moved.
 
91   But there I was alone, where every one
92   Consented to the laying waste of Florence,
93   He who defended her with open face.
 
94   Ah! so hereafter may your seed repose,
95   I him entreated, solve for me that knot,
96   Which has entangled my conceptions here.
 
97   It seems that you can see, if I hear rightly,
98   Beforehand whatsoe’er time brings with it,
99   And in the present have another mode.
 
100   We see, like those who have imperfect sight,
101   The things, he said, that distant are from us;
102   So much still shines on us the Sovereign Ruler.
 
103   When they draw near, or are, is wholly vain
104   Our intellect, and if none brings it to us,
105   Not anything know we of your human state.
 
106   Hence thou canst understand, that wholly dead
107   Will be our knowledge from the moment when
108   The portal of the future shall be closed.
 
109   Then I, as if compunctious for my fault,
110   Said: Now, then, you will tell that fallen one,
111   That still his son is with the living joined.
 
112   And if just now, in answering, I was dumb,
113   Tell him I did it because I was thinking
114   Already of the error you have solved me.
 
115   And now my Master was recalling me,
116   Wherefore more eagerly I prayed the spirit
117   That he would tell me who was with him there.
 
118   He said: With more than a thousand here I lie;
119   Within here is the second Frederick,
120   And the Cardinal, and of the rest I speak not.
 
121   Thereon he hid himself; and I towards
122   The ancient poet turned my steps, reflecting
123   Upon that saying, which seemed hostile to me.
 
124   He moved along; and afterward thus going,
125   He said to me, Why art thou so bewildered?
126   And I in his inquiry satisfied him.
 
127   Let memory preserve what thou hast heard
128   Against thyself, that Sage commanded me,
129   And now attend here; and he raised his finger.
 
130   When thou shalt be before the radiance sweet
131   Of her whose beauteous eyes all things behold,
132   From her thou’lt know the journey of thy life.
 
133   Unto the left hand then he turned his feet;
134   We left the wall, and went towards the middle,
135   Along a path that strikes into a valley,
 
136   Which even up there unpleasant made its stench.