United Nations Children’s Fund
“Every child must be ensured the best start in life â€“ their future, and indeed the future of their communities, nations and the whole world depends on it “
UNICEF is one of the world premier organisations for trying to improve the quality of life for children. They were awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1965
UNICEF is currently focused on 5 primary priorities: Girls education, Immunization plus, Child protection, HIV/AIDS, and Early childhood. Other priorities include child survival, the child in the family, and sports for development.
How they work to improve the status of their priorities is through 14 methods ranging from direct and legal interventions, to education and beyond to research and census data collection.
1. Girls education
Education is a proven intervention for improving the lives of all people, including children. Educating young women yields spectacular benefits for the current and future generations, and specifically affects a range of UNICEF priorities including child survival, child in family, immunization, and child protection.
UNICEFâ€™s aim is to get more girls into school, ensure that they stay in school and that they are equipped with the basic tools they need to succeed in later life. As part of its on-going efforts to ensure every girl and boy their right to an education, UNICEFâ€™s acceleration strategy is speeding progress in girlsâ€™ enrolment in 25 selected countries during the 2002-2005 period.
2. Immunization plus
Immunization is a direct intervention, a method which has made great improvements in the health of children world-wide over the past 20 years. But every year more than 2 million children die from diseases that could have been prevented by inexpensive vaccines.
The plus in the programme is the additional interventions made possible during interventions. Ranging from client education to nutritional supplements to insecticide-treated mosquito netting, these life-saving services make immunization programmes a powerful tool for child health.
3. Child protection
Every day children are forced to be soldiers, prostitutes, sweatshop workers, servants. They are abused, exploited, and the subject of violence and the outcomes are uneducated, unhealthy, and impoverished children. UNICEF works in a variety of ways to provide protection and support, from child’s rights advocacy to child soldier demobilization programmes, working with individuals, civic groups, governments, and the private sector to bring about positive change.
14 million children are now orphaned due to AIDS. Half of all new infections are people under the age of 25, with girls being hit harder and younger than boys. Working to protect and support orphaned children, to prevent parent-child transmission, and to give young people gender-sensitive and youth-friendly services, UNICEF also advocates for a protective familial, social and legal environment
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