Isa Upanishad

This Upanishad belongs to the Vaajaseneyi Samhita of the Shukla Yajur Veda and is the fortieth or the last chapter of this Samhita. This Upanishad teaches the essential unity of God and the world, being and becoming. It mainly deals with Paramesvara i.e. the Absolute in relation to the world. Verses 4 to 8 describe his apparently contradictory attributes. He is within and without. He is near as well as far. He moves and moves not. He has no body. He is eternal and free from defects. He is all pervasive and He controls all. He is independent of the universe but the whole universe is dependent on Him. According to Sri Chinmoy:

“Brahman, God, in His Absolute aspect, is immutable; but in his conditional aspect He is ever-changing, ever-transforming, ever-evolving, ever-revealing, ever-manifesting and ever-fulfilling. The Isa Upanishad reconciles work and knowledge, the One and the many, the impersonal God and the personal God, in a striking manner. Work done with detachment is real knowledge. When we consciously try to see God in everything and in everybody, we soulfully offer ourselves to dedicated action. Thus knowledge is action. The One and the many: we need the One for our self-realisation; we need the many for our self-manifestation. The impersonal God and the personal God: when we live in the impersonal God, we see Truth in its illumining vision. When we live in the personal God, we see Truth in its revealing reality.”