1. The objects of the senses are universally known.
2. The universal experience of the objects of the senses is the mark of (the existence of an) object different from the senses and their objects.
3. Perception (as a mark inferring the body or the senses as its substratum) (is) a false mark.
4. (The body or the senses cannot be the seat of perception), because there is no consciousness in the causes [i.e., the component parts, of thc body].
5. Because (there would be) consciousness in the effects.
6. And because it is not known (that any minute degree of consciousness exists in the water pot, etc.).
8. (Although a mark is quite different from that of which it is a mark, still they are not wholly unconnected), for any one thing cannot be a mark of any other thing.
19. And activity and inactivity, observed in one’s own self, are the. marks of (the existence of) other selves.