Chapter 9

Sri Krishna says, ?To you I shall declare this profound secrete of wisdom that can be known by direct experience. Men who do not have faith in this way, will not attain Me and are fore ever bound to the sorrows of life and death.? (9.1-3) Then Krishna speaks to Arjuna about his divine mystery, ?My unmanifested form pervades the entire universe. Under My guidance, Nature gives birth to all things, moving and unmoving. At the end of the cycle all beings dissolve into My nature and at the beginning of the next cycle I send them forth. All these works do not bind Me. I am unattached to all these actions. All beings abide in me but I do not abide in them.? (9.4-10)

?The deluded slight Me, My human incarnations, knowing not that I am the Lord Supreme of all beings.? (9.11)

Sri Chinmoy explains these words of Sri Krishna in the following manner:

?To recognise an Avatar is not an easy thing. Either one has to be blessed by the Avatar himself or one has to possess the gift of inner vision. An aspirant has to prepare himself in order to recognise an Avatar. He has to shun sense-pleasure. He must not be controlled by passion. It is he who has to control his passions. He has to breathe in constantly the breath of purity. Fear he has to tear down. Doubt he has to smite. Peace he has to invoke. Joy he has to imbibe.?

Krishna once again reminds Arjuna that those who worship the gods go to the gods, those who worship the manes go to the manes, those who worship the spirits go to the spirits and those who sacrifice to Him go to Him.

Krishna tells Arjuna that whatever is offered to Him with love, whether it is a leaf, a flower, a fruit, or water – He accepts. Krishna says, ?Whatever you do, whatever you eat, or offer or give away, whatever austerities you perform do them as an offering to Me. You shall then become free and attain me. To Me all are alike, I know no favor, I know no disfavour. My loving devotees who worship Me are in Me, I am also in them. By fixing your mind on Me, rever Me, worship me and be devoted to Me then you will come to Me.? (9.26-34)

(The following English translation is taken from ‘A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy’ Edited by S. Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore. 1957 Princeton University Press)

Chapter 9: The Lord Is More Than His Creation

The sovereign mystery

The Blessed Lord said:
1. To Thee, who dost not cavil, I shall declare this profound secret of wisdom combined with knowledge, by knowing which thou shalt be released from evil.

2. This is sovereign knowledge, sovereign secret, supreme sanctity, known by direct experience, in accord with the law, very easy to practise and imperishable.

3. Men who have no faith in this way, not attaining to Me, 0 Oppressor of the foe (Arjuna), return to the path of mortal living (samsara).

The incarnate Lord as the Supreme Realiy

4. By Me all this universe is pervaded through My unmanifested form. All beings abide in Me but I do not abide in them*.

5. And (yet) the beings do not dwell in Me; behold My divine mystery. My spirit which is the source of all beings sustains the beings but does not abide in them**.

6. As the mighty air moving everywhere ever, abides in the etheric space, know thou that in the same manner all existences abide in Me.

7. All beings, 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), pass into nature which is My own at the end of the cycle; and at the beginning of the next cycle I send them forth.

8. Taking hold of nature which is My own, I send forth again and again all this multitude of beings which are helpless, being under the control of Nature (prakrti).

9. Nor do these works bind Me, 0 winner of wealth (Arjuna), for I am seated as if indifferent, unattached in those actions.

10. Under My guidance, Nature (prakrti) gives birth to all things, moving and unmoving, and by this means, 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), the world revolves.

Devotion to the Supreme brings its great reward:
Lesser devotions bring lesser rewards

11. The deluded despise Me clad in human body, not knowing My higher nature as Lord of all existences.

12. Partaking of the deceptive nature of fiends and demons, their aspirations are vain, their actions vain, and their knowledge vain, and they are devoid of judgment.

13. The great-souled, 0 Partha (Arjuna), who abide in the divine nature, knowing [Me as] the imperishable source of all beings, worship Me with an undistracted mind.

14. Always glorifying Me, strenuous and steadfast in vows, bowing down to Me with devotion, they worship Me, ever disciplined.

15. Others, again, sacrifice with the sacrifice of wisdom and worship Me as the one, as the distinct and as the manifold, facing in all directions.

16. I am the ritual action, I am the sacrifice, I am the ancestral oblation, I am the medicinal herb, I am the sacred hymn, I am also the melted butter, I am the fire, and I am the offering.

17. I am the father of this world, the mother, the supporter, and the grandsire. I am the object of knowledge, the purifier. I am the syllable Aum, and I am the rk, the sama and the yajus*** as well.

18. I am the goal, the upholder, the lord, the witness, the abode, the refuge, and the friend. I am the origin and the dissolution, the ground, the resting place, and the imperishable seed.

19. I give heat; I withhold and send forth the rain. I am immortality and also death; I am being as well as non-being, 0 Arjuna.

20. The knowers of the three Vedas who drink the soma juice and are cleansed of sin, worshipping Me with sacrifices, pray for the way to heaven. They reach the holy world of Indra [the lord of heaven] and enjoy in heaven the pleasures of the gods.

21. Having enjoyed the spacious world of heaven, they enter [return to] the world of mortals, when their merit is exhausted; thus conforming to the doctrine enjoined in the three Vedas and desirous of enjoyments, they obtain the changeable [what is subject to birth and death].

22. But those who worship Me, meditating on Me alone – to them who ever persevere, I bring attainment of what they have not and security in what they have.

23. Even those who are devotees of other gods, worship them with faith-they also sacrifice to Me alone, 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), though not according to the true law,

24. For I am the enjoyer and lord of all sacrifices. But these men do not know Me in My true nature, and so they fall.

25. Worshippers of the gods go to the gods, worshippers of the manes go to the manes, sacrifices to the spirits go to the spirits, and those who sacrifice to Me come to Me.

Devotion and its effects

26. Whosoever offers to Me with devotion a leaf, a flower, a fruit, or water-that offering of love, of the pure of heart, I accept.

27. Whatever thou doest, whatever thou eatest, whatever thou offerest, whatever thou givest away, whatever austerities thou dost practise-do that, 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), as an offering to Me.

28. Thus shalt thou be freed from the good and evil results which are the bonds of action. With thy mind firmly set on the way of renunciation, thou shalt become free and attain to Me.

29. 1 am alike to all beings. None is hateful or dear to Me. But those who worship Me with devotion-they are in Me and I also in them.

30. Even if a man of the most vile conduct worships me with undistracted devotion, he must be reckoned as righteous for he has rightly resolved.

31. Swiftly does he become a soul of righteousness and obtain lasting peace. 0 Son of Kunti (Arjuna), know thou for certain that My devotee perishes never.

32. For those who take refuge in Me, 0 Partha (Arjuna), though they are lowly born, women, vaisyas (merchants or traders), as well as sudras (workers)-they also attain to the highest goal-

33. How much more, then, holy brahmins (priest-teachers) and devoted royal saints, having entered this impermanent sorrowful world, do thou worship Me.

34. On Me fix thy mind; to Me be devoted; worship Me; revere Me; thus having disciplined thyself, with Me as thy goal, to Me shalt thou come.

This is the ninth chapter, entitled ?The Yoga of Sovereign Knowledge and Sovereign Mystery.?

* This whole universe owes its being to the Transcendent Godhead and yet the forms of this universe do not contain or express Him adequately. His absolute reality is far above the appearance of things in space and time.

** The Supreme is the source of all phenomena but is not touched by them. That is the yoga of divine power. Though He creates existences, God transcends them to such a degree that we cannot even say that He dwells in them. Even the idea of immanence of God is, strictly speaking, untenable. All existences are due to His double nature but as His higher proper nature is Atman which is unconnected with the work of prakrti, it is also true that beings do not dwell in Him or He in them. They are one and yet separate.

***That is, the Rg Veda, the Sama Veda, and the Yajur Veda.