Chapter 10

Sri Krishna reveals to Arjuna His glory and His power. Krishna says, ?No one can fathom my origin for I am the source of all, I am the origin of all. I am unborn, I am without beginning, and I am also the mighty lord of the worlds.? Then Krishna says that those who love Him, worship Him and are in constant union with Him, receive from Him the power of understanding by which they reach Him. Out of compassion for these people, Krishna destroys the darkness born of ignorance in them. (10.1-11)

Then Arjuna says to Sri Krishna, ?O Krishna, You are the source of all beings. You are known by Yourself alone. Neither the gods nor the demons can fathom your manifestations. You are the Lord of Lords. But I am not satisfied. Please relate to me in detail of Your power and manifestation.? (10.12-18)

At this Sri Krishna explains to Arjuna that there is no end to the extent of His divine glory, ?O Arjuna, I am the self seated in the heart of all beings, I am the beginning and the middle and also the end of all beings.? (10.20) Therefore in order not to confuse Arjuna, Krishna declares only those divine forms, which are prominent. In the end Krishna concludes by saying, ?I am the seed of all things, animate or inanimate. I established the whole universe with a portion of Myself.? (10.39-42)

Commenting on this chapter in the Gita, Sri Chinmoy says,

?The Gita teaches us the purest oneness. This oneness is the inner oneness. This inner oneness is at once spontaneous and unique. This oneness can never be truncated or dwarfed by the mind. The realm of oneness is far beyond the approach of the physical mind.

Self-knowledge is the knowledge of universal oneness. Divine perfection can be founded only on the fertile soil of universal oneness. Serve humanity precisely because Divinity looms large in humanity. Know Divinity and you will in no time realise God’s Immortality in you and you’re Immortality in God. God in man and man in God can only announce the truest embodiments of perfect Perfection.?

(The following English translation is taken from ‘A Sourcebook in Indian Philosophy’ Edited by S. Radhakrishnan and Charles A. Moore. 1957 Princeton University Press)

Chapter 10: God is The Source of All:
To Know Him is To Know All

The Immanence and Transcendence of God

The Blessed Lord said:

1. Again, 0 Mighty-armed (Arjuna), hearken to My supreme word. From a desire to do thee good, I will declare it to thee, now that thou art taking delight [in My words].

2. Neither the hosts of gods nor the great sages know any origin of Me for I am the source of the gods and the great sages in every way.

3. He who knows Me, the unborn, without beginning, also the mighty lord of the worlds, he, among mortals is undeluded and freed from all sins.

4. Understanding, knowledge, freedom from bewilderment, patience, truth, self-control and calmness; pleasure and pain, existence and non-existence, fear and fearlessness.

5. Non-violence, equal-mindedness, contentment, austerity, charity, fame and ill-fame, the different states of beings proceed from Me alone.

6. The seven great sages of old, and the four Manus also are of My nature and born of My mind and from them are all these creatures in the world*.

7. He who knows in truth this glory and power of Mine is united [with Me] by unfaltering yoga; of this there is no doubt.

Knowledge and devotion

8. 1 am the origin of all; from Me all [the whole creation] proceeds. Knowing this, the wise worship Me, endowed with meditation.

9. Their thoughts [are fixed] in Me, their lives [are wholly] given up to Me, enlightening each other and ever conversing of Me, they are contented and rejoicing in Me.

10. To these who are in constant union with Me and worship Me with love, I grant the power of understanding by which they come unto Me.

11. Out of compassion for those same ones, remaining within My own true state, I destroy the darkness born of ignorance by the shining lamp of wisdom.

The Lord is the seed and perfection of all that is

Arjuna said:
12. Thou art the Supreme Brahman, the Supreme Abode and the Supreme Purifier, the Eternal, Divine Person, the First of the gods, the Unborn, the All-pervading.

13. All the sages say this of Thee, as well as the divine seer Narada, so also Asita, Devala, Vyasa and Thou thyself declarest it to me.

14. 1 hold as true, all this that thou sayest to me, 0 Kesava (Krsna); neither the gods nor the demons, 0 Lord, know Thy manifestation.

15. Verily Thou Thyself knowest Thyself by Thyself, 0 Supreme Person; the Source of beings, the Lord of creatures; the God of gods, the Lord of the world!

16. Thou shouldst tell me of Thy divine manifestations, without exception, whereby, pervading these worlds, Thou dost abide [in them and beyond].

17. How may I know Thee, 0 Yogin, by constant meditation? In what various aspects art Thou, 0 Blessed Lord, to be thought of by me?

18. Relate to me again in detail, 0 Janardana (Krsna), of Thy power and manifestation; for I am not satiated with hearing Thy nectar-like speech.

The Blessed Lord said:
19. Yes, I will declare to thee of My divine forms but only of those which are prominent, 0 best of the Kurus (Arjuna), for there is no end to my extent (the details).

20. I, 0 Gudakesa (Arjuna), am the self seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the beginning, the middle and the very end of beings.

21. Of the Adityas I am Visnu; of the lights (I am) the radiant sun; I am Marici of the Maruts; of the stars I am the moon.

22. Of the Vedas I am the Sama Veda; of the gods I am Indra; of the senses I am mind and of beings I am consciousness.

23. Of the Rudras I am Samkara (Siva); of the Yaksas and the Raksasas (I am) Kubera; of the Vasus I am Agni (Fire) and of mountain-peaks I am Meru.

24. Of the household priests, 0 Partha (Arjuna), know Me to be the chief-Brhaspati; of the (war) generals I am Skanda; of the lakes I am the ocean.

25. Of the great sages I am Bhrgu; of utterances, I am the single syllable Aum; of offerings I am the offering of silent meditation and of unmovable things (I am) the Himalaya.

26. Of all trees (I am) the Asvattha and of divine seers (I am) Narada; among the Gandharvas (I am) Citraratha and of the perfected ones (I am) Kapila the sage.

27 Of horses, know me to be Ucchaihsravas, born of nectar; of lordly elephants (I am) Airavata and of men (I am) the monarch.

28. Of weapons I am the thunderbolt; of the cows I am the cow of plenty; of the progenitors I am the God of love; of the serpents I am Vasuki.

29. Of the nagas I am Ananta; of the dwellers in water I am Varuna; of the (departed) ancestors I am Aryama; of those who maintain law and order, I am Yama.

30. Of the Titans I am Prahlada; of calculators I am Time; of beasts I am the King of beasts (lion) and of birds (I am) the son of Vinata (Garuda).

31. Of purifiers I am the wind; of warriors I am Rama; of fishes I am the alligator and of rivers I am the Ganges.

32. Of creations I am the beginning, the end and also the middle, 0 Arjuna; of the sciences (I am) the science of the self; of those who debate I am the dialectic.

33. Of letters I am (the letter) A and of compounds (I am) the dual; I also am imperishable time and I the creator whose face is turned on all sides.

34. I am death, the all-devouring and (am) the origin of things that are yet to be; and of feminine beings, (I am) fame, prosperity, speech, memory, intelligence, firmness and patience.

35. Likewise, of hymns (I am) Brhatsaman, of metres (I am) gayatri; of months (I am) Margasirsa and of seasons (I am) the flower-bearer (spring).

36. Of the deceitful I am the gambling; of the splendid I am the splendour; I am victory; I am effort and I am the goodness of the good.

37. Of the Vrsnis I am Vasudeva; of the Pandavas (I am) the Winner of wealth (Arjuna); of the sages I am Vyasa also and of the poets (I am) the poet Usana.

38. Of those who chastise I am the rod (of chastisement); of those that seek victory I am the wise policy; of things secret I am the silence and of the knowers of wisdom I am the wisdom.

39. And further, whatsoever is the seed of all existences that am I, 0 Arjuna; nor is there anything, moving or unmoving that can exist without Me.

40. There is no end to My divine manifestations, 0 Conqueror of the foe (Arjuna). What has been declared by Me is only illustrative of My infinite glory.

41. Whatsoever being there is, endowed with glory and grace and vigour, know that to have sprung from a fragment of My splendour.

42. But what need is there, 0 Arjuna, for such detailed knowledge by you? I support this entire universe pervading it with a single fraction of Myself.

This is the tenth chapter, entitled ?The Yoga of Manifestation.?

*These are the powers in charge of the many processes of the world. Manu according to tradition is the first man at the beginning of each new race of beings.